Gastronomy

Nature

VALDERROBRES TOWN HALL

This is a building inspired by the Alcañiz Town hall, which was constructed a few years before. But in Valderrobres, the builders added a market place for commercial purposes besides the usual administrative and juridical utilities that a building of his kind used to have.  It was constructed by the master Antonio de Champanyach, in the manierist style and it was ended towards 1559. This is the date that appears in the coat of arms sculpted in the facade. This coat of arms has the particularity of representing for the first time the figures of two mythological animals, a couple of griffins, a male and a female one, surrounding the traditional coat with an oak inside used since the XIII century.
In the year 1847 a painter (possibly Jerónimo Palau) was hired to decorate the facade with an allegoric picture in which still today you can read the slogan, “peace, union and liberty”.  
In 1929, the building was reproduced in Barcelona. In the so called “pueblo español” a place where there are reproduced some of the most spectacular buildings in Spain.

 

THE STONE BRIDGE

It seems impossible to imagine a more impressive entrance to Valderrobres than the one with the medieval bridge and the portal of San Roque. This is a basic piece of its architecture and an image perfectly recognizable wherever the name of the village is mentioned.
The building of the bridge seems to be associated to the building of the walls, so we can date the beginning of the works around 1390, when the archbishop Garcia Fernandez de Heredia asked for permission to build the walls of the village.
It`s much more difficult to guess about the date of the ending of the work. Probably it was at the beginnings of the XV century when Valderrobres was ruled by the archbishop Dalmau de Mur, who also built the highest part of the castle.
It`s a completely medieval bridge, with four extremely solid arches, and with cutwaters to avoid the strong floods. At the end of the XVI century, the town hall building was settled over the last part of the bridge so the look of the bridge was modified on his last track when it`s connected with the square.
The bridge goes through the ancient gate which gave access to the medieval town. At the end of the XVI century this portal was dedicated to San Roque a protector against the diseases and the Black Death. Today it remains as one of the best preserved gates in the village.

 

THE VERGOS PORTAL

In the middle ages, the gates to go out of the village crossing the walls were extremely important.
It`s possible that the walls which surrounded Valderrobres existed since the time of the first inhabitants, just after the reconquest from the moors. And it’s likely that these walls needed to be repaired in the fourteen century, the time of the archbishop Fernandez de Heredia. For this reason, this priest asked for permission to the King Juan I, to increase the village taxes and with that extra money, they could rebuild the walls.
 There were seven gates in the medieval Valderrobres, each one connected to a road. In the case of the gate of Bergos, this road led to Torre del Compte, a village close to Valderrobres.
Within the years, each one of these gates was put under the protection of a saint. The portal of Bergos was dedicated to the immaculate conception of the virgin Mary, but it wasn`t turned into a chapel, and still today remains as a gate to the oldest neighborhood in Valderrobres.

 

 

LOS SANTOS HERMITAGE

Today, we know that the hermitage built in honor of the saints Abdon y Senen was built in 1420.
Its Architectonic style is mixed, because alongside history the hermitage has fallen down several times, and it has been reconstructed every time. As for example in 1685, date which is marked in the façade, when probably was the semi-detached house where the hermit lived built.
This hermit took care of the hermitage and he taught the children who lived in the farms around. This man also played the hermitage’s bell in case of storm or just to mark the hours.   This tradition was kept until the thirties decade in the twentieth century.
Today the celebration in the hermitage is on 19th of august. When the inhabitants of Valderrobres go there to celebrate a country meal, and play traditional games.

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